Commentary Styles of Peripatetic Islamic Logicians on Aristotle's Definition of Syllogism

Keywords: Aristotle, Islamic Peripatetic Logicians, Prior Analytics, definition of syllogism, interpretation


Aristotle (b. 322 BC) was the first philosopher in the history of thought to examine all modes and types of belief acquisition such as knowledge, supposition, error and indirectly imagination. In his Prior Analytics, which he wrote primarily to clarify his theory of demonstration, Aristotle examined in detail the syllogism, which he saw as the most important form of reasoning, and his analysis was subject to interpretation by different traditions of thought for centuries. Aristotle’s Prior Analytics was translated into Arabic in the classical period and later interpreted by many Islamic logicians. This article aims to show how Aristotle’s definition of the syllogism in the Prior Analytics was taken up and interpreted in the Peripatetic Islamic logical tradition. These interpretations of the definition of the syllogism will provide us with an idea about the unique features of the commentaries on the Prior Analytics in the Islamic world. Here, introductory information about the translation of the Prior Analytics into Arabic and its commentators in Arabic will be given, Aristotle’s definition of the syllogism and its versions in Peripatetic Islamic logicians will be indicated, and the interpretation of the basic terms in the definition by Peripatetic Islamic logicians will be revealed.

How to Cite
Tekin, Ali. 2024. “Commentary Styles of Peripatetic Islamic Logicians on Aristotle’s Definition of Syllogism”. Entelekya Logico-Metaphysical Review 8 (1), 27-45.