How to Define Definition: An Analysis on the Dispute about the Relation between the Definiens and the Definiendum in the Post-Avicennan Arabic Logic

  • Afife Şeyma Taç Sakarya University
Keywords: Post-Avicennan logic, conception, assent, definiendum, definiens, definition, necessity

Abstract

As standing at the very heart of the conception (taawwur), definiton is not only the ultimate purpose of conception but also paves the way for the assent (tadīq). Therefore, it would merely be surprising to find defitinion sections at right after the principles of conception, namely five universals, and before the first part of assent, viz. the proposition, in the books compiled through the tradition of post-Avicennan Arabic logic. Having begun with identifying what definition is, definiton sections proceed with its conditions, types, and the things that violate an ideal definition. This paper focuses on the absolute definition itself by considering it as a definiendum and its definition as its definiens to analyse whether this definiens satisfies one particular condition set in definition theory, namely the condition that a definiens must not be applied to anything other than the definiendum. In terms of this specific rule, we encounter with two opposing views on the convenience of the terms implying “necessity” (istilzām) utilized when formulating the definiens of absolute definition.

Published
2019-05-01
Section
Articles